• Vladan Mirković University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Law in Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia



Integrated Security, Hybrid Warfare, Security Management, F.R. of Germany


In June 2023, the Federal Government of Germany presented the first national security strategy (NSS). The NSS promotes Integrated Security as a new foreign and security policy. However, research has shown that the idea of Integrated Security is not new and that the integration of all resources of national power has been a goal for Germany for 30 years. Research has purpose to give an answer to following questions: Can the current organization of the German national security system support the idea of Integrated Security as a new security policy and what are the key requirements related to the organization, functioning and management of the German national security system that should be fulfilled so that Integrated Security can be implemented? The basic hypothesis of this research is that the national security system of Germany is not organized and governed in a way that can enable the implementation of Integrated Security, primarily because, on the strategic level, Germany does not have a national security council which could serve as a focal point and impetus for integration, coordination and government of a security system. In order to provide answers to the above stated questions in the first part of paper we explained Integrated Security and the national security objectives of the NSS, then we described organization of the three ministries and security services as the most important actors in the implementation of the NSS objectives at the operational level and at the end we did the capability analysis of the strategic level of management to implement Integrated Security. The research showed that the organizational solutions have not been aligned with the determinations stated in the NSS. The result of this research are proposed solutions for organization and position of the Federal Security Council which should be provided with competencies that will enable the integration of elements from all levels into a single structure which aims to achieve the national security objectives.


Download data is not yet available.


Basic Law, the Federal Law Gazette Part III, classification number 100-1, as last amended by the Act of 28 June 2022 Federal

Law Gazette I p. 968;

Bubdeswehr, (Accessed: 26 June 2023);

Bindenagel, J.D, (2023), A First Germany National Security Strategy, Foreign and Security Policy. Available at: https:// (Accessed: 26 June 2023);

Brockmeier, S. (2023), The Path to a German National Security Council, Global Public Policy Institute. Available at: https:// (Accessed: 26 June 2023);

D’Agostino, D. (2010), Hybrid warfare, report GAO-10-1036R Hybrid Warfare, US Government Accountability office, Washington

DC 20548;

Der Bundessicherheitsrat, (Accessed: 26

February 2023);

Federal Police Act, BGSG 1994;

Federal Government (2020), Joint Rules of Procedure of the Federal Ministries, Berlin.

Federal Ministry of Defence (2013), The Reorientation of the Bundeswehr – Second Edition, Berlin;

Federal Ministry of Justice (2008), Manual for Drafting Legislation, Berlin.

Federal Ministry of the Interior and Community, Structure and Organisation. (Accessed: 27 February 2023);

Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BKK), (Accessed: 26 June 2023);

Fix, L. (2023), Judy Asks: IS Germany Getting Serious About Security and Defense? Carnegies Europe, Available at: https:// (Accessed: 26 June 2023);

Korybko, A. (2015), Hybrid Wars: The Indirect Adaptive Approach To Regime Change, Institute for Strategic Studies and

Predictions, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow.

German Council on Foreign Relations (2022), Smart Sovereignty, DGAP Report;

HM Government, Global Britain in a Competitive Age: The Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign

Policy, March 2021;

Hoffman, F. (2018), Examing the Complex Forms of Conflict: Gray Zone and Hybrid Challenges, The Journal of Complex

Operation, PRISM – National Defense University.

Hoffman, F. (2009), Hybrid Threats: Reconceptualizing the Evolving Character of Modern Conflict, Strategic Forum, Institute DOI:

of National Strategic Studies.

Hoffman, F. (2007), Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Arlington,


Interim National Security Strategic Guidance, The White House, March 2021;

Kefferpütz, R. (2023), The hits and misses in the Germany’s new national security strategy, Atlantic Council. https://www. (Accessed: 24 July 2023);

Law on the Federal Intelligence Service (BND – Gesetz – BNDG);

Law on cooperation between the federal and state governments in matters of constitutional protection and the Federal Office

for the Protection of the Constitution (Bundesverfassungsschutzgesetz-BVerfSchG);

Mattis, J., Hoffman, F. (2005), Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, Proceedings Magazine, US Naval Institute, 132/11/1233.

Mirković, V., (2021), Modeli eksploatacije terorizma u svrhu hibridnog ratovanja i mogući pristup u suprotstavljanju – doktorska

disertacija, Pravni fakultet u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad.

Mirković, V., (2022), Menadzment hibridnog ratovanja sa posebnim osvrtom na SAD, Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta u

Novom Sadu 2/2022, 493-512. doi:10.5937/zrpfns56-37636;

Mirković, V., (2023), Hybrid Warfare Management of the United Kingdom, NBP: Nauka, bezbednost, policija, vol. 28, br. 1, str.

-73, Beograd. doi: 10.5937/nabepo28-43140. DOI:

Morris, L. and Brady, K. (2023), Russia the ‘most significant threat’ in new German security strategy, The Washington Post. (Accessed: 24

June 2023);

National Security Strategy – Integrated Security for Germany (NSS), the Federal Government, Berlin, June 14, 2023;

NATO Strategic Concept, NATO Summit in Madrid, June 2022;

OSCE Polis – Policing Profiles of Participating and Partner States (2006). (Accessed: 24 February 2023);

Ruge, B. (2022), Reforming Germany’s National Security Architecture, Munich Security Conference Blog. https:// (Accessed: 22

May 2023);

Schreer, B. (2023), Germany’s first-ever National Security Strategy, International Institute for Strategic Studies – Online


(Accessed: 2 July 2023);

Talmon, S. (2023), Germany’s National Security Strategy and the Novel Concept of a ’Free International Order’, GPIL –

German Practice in International Law, University in Bonn;

The Strategic Compass of the European Union, March 2022;

The Minister of the German Ministry of Defence, Defence Policy Guidelines, Berlin 27 May 2011;

Vasović, V. (2008), Savremene demokratije I, Službeni glasnik, Beograd.

White Paper on the Security of the F. R. of Germany and the Situation and Future of the Bundeswehr (1994), The Federal

Ministry of Defence on behalf of the Federal Government, Bonn;

White Paper on the Security of the F. R. of Germany and the Situation and Future of the Bundeswehr (2006), Federal Ministry

of Defence;

White Paper on German Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr (2016), The Federal Government, Berlin.




How to Cite