• Nenad Blaženović University College CEPS, Kiseljak, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Sanel Hadžiahmetović Jurida University of Tuzla, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Emir Muhić University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Philology, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina




Internet communication, word-formation, blending, conversion, compounds, leetspeek


This paper examines the processes of word-formation in English on the Internet. More specifically, the present paper provides an overview of newly formed words in the context of Internet communication, their categorisation, coupled with analysis and discussion with a view to determining which (if any) word formation processes have been employed in the process of their creation. The paper attempts to capture the current trends of the English language used in popular areas of Internet interactions. The theoretical preliminaries have been divided into two distinct parts - the first half which presents general notions related to internet communication while in the second one the theory behind word-formation processes is presented in order to enable its application to the corpus originating from Internet data used in this study. As for the corpus and methodology in the study, the selected terms and expressions were extracted from various online sources (forum posts, chat logs or game screenshots) and analysed in order to determine which word-formation process they belong to. Hence the sections on abbreviations and acronyms, clips, conversions, compounds and blends, as the most productive word formation processes observed in the study. The study also looks at the popular notions of blog and tweet, as well as a particular focus on leetspeak which deals with words falling into this category but are formed via many different processes. The final section of the paper provides a summary of the findings and a conclusion to the inquiry into the nature of word-formation on the internet.


Download data is not yet available.


Baron, N. (2000). Alphabet to Email - How Written English Evolved and Where It’s Heading. London: Routledge.

Bauer, L. (1983). English Word-Formation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139165846

Brdar-Szabo, R. & M. Brdar (2008). “On the Marginality of Lexical Blending.” Jezikoslovlje. pp. 171–194.

Crystal, D. (2006). Language and the Internet. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511487002

Crystal, D. (2008). Txtng - The Gr8 Db8. New York: Oxford University Press

Hadžiahmetović Jurida, S. (2018). Word formation in English: derivation and compounding. DHS-Journal for

Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, (5), 157-170.

Hadžiahmetović Jurida, S. & Rahmanović, B. (2020) Social Media Discourse: Neologisms in Various Word

Formation Processes. Gradovrh – Journal for Literary-Linguistic, Social and Natural Science Issues 16:63-71

Hadžiahmetović Jurida, S., Brkić, L., & Pavlović, T. (2023) Blending as a Word-Formation Process in the Social

Media Language. Gradovrh – Journal for Literary-Linguistic, Social and Natural Science Issues 19:35-63

Kaufman, Andrew. “Why We Need to Invent New Words.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 03 Oct.

Web. 04 Apr. 2013.

Lieber, R. (2004). Morphology and Lexical Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Plag, Ingo (2018). Word-Formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316771402

Štekauer, P., & Lieber, R. (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of word-formation (Vol. 64). Springer Science & Business DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3596-9


Wahid, R., & Farooq, O. (2022). Uses and Abuses of Netspeak. International Journal of Social Sciences &

Educational Studies, 9(1), 53.




How to Cite

Blaženović, N., Hadžiahmetović Jurida, S., & Muhić, E. (2024). ENGLISH WORD FORMATION ON THE INTERNET. SCIENCE International Journal, 3(1), 33–41. https://doi.org/10.35120/sciencej0301033b